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            首頁 > 專題集錦 > 海外政要學人看中國 > 首頁展示

            娜塔莉?貝納利:我所看到的中國

            發布時間:2024年03月14日 | 來源:理論中國2024-03-13 | 字體放大 | 字體縮小

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            2023年10月8日,娜塔莉?貝納利在中央黨史和文獻研究院參加座談交流。

            編者按:娜塔莉?貝納利(Natalie Benelli)博士是瑞士“新媒體”組織聯合創始人、《新北方》雜志主編,同時也擔任紐約“女性媒體”組織駐歐洲記者。2023年10月,貝納利博士隨瑞士友好人士考察團訪華,期間到訪中共中央黨史和文獻研究院,就中國共產黨和中國的發展經驗,特別是中國式現代化等問題進行座談交流,“理論中國”公眾號曾作專題報道。中國之行后,貝納利博士基于親身經歷和第一手資料,以“我所看到的中國”為題撰文,介紹她在中國的所見所聞,發表在“女性媒體”組織《集體事業》雜志,并專門將文章寄送給“理論中國”通訊員。在文章中,貝納利博士坦言“百聞不如一見”,她所看到的現代化和快速發展的中國與西方一些媒體的報道“明顯不同”。貝納利博士以外國人視角描述中國經濟社會文化發展,具有一定的典型性,經作者同意,“理論中國”特將其文章編譯如下,以饗讀者。

            我所看到的中國

            娜塔莉?貝納利(博士)

            2023年10月,我來到中國,首先訪問了首都北京,隨后訪問了上海、貴陽以及新疆維吾爾自治區的烏魯木齊和喀什。我看到了一個現代化、進步和快速發展的國家,它在扶貧、環境保護以及欠發達地區的經濟和社會發展方面投入了大量資金。這與西方主流媒體的報道明顯不同。


            綠色大城市

            中國14億人口中的大多數居住在發達的東部地區,像北京和上海這樣的城市擁有 2,000 萬至 3,000 萬人口。與我訪問過的世界其他地區的城市不同,北京和上海并不混亂或嘈雜。這是因為街上電動車和自行車的比例很高。此外,北京和上海的街道兩旁都有大小不一的花壇、灌木叢和樹木,使城市變成了綠地,大大改善了空氣質量。在過去十年中,全國有55.03億人次義務參加植樹,累計植樹216.86億株。中國政府還大力投資風能、水能和太陽能等非化石可再生能源。

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            ▲考察團一行乘坐中國高鐵

            高科技基礎設施造福人民

            通過擴大高鐵網絡,中國提高了人員和貨物的流動效率。以時速 350公里計算,乘坐高鐵從北京到上海只需不到4.5小時。中國的基礎設施發展計劃也惠及中國的欠發達地區,例如貴州省,該省擁有世界上最高的橋梁和最大的射電望遠鏡。

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            ▲考察團一行在貴州參觀球面射電望遠鏡(中國天眼)

            貴州省92.5%的面積被丘陵和山地覆蓋,中國政府根據貴州省的自然條件,大力投資建設鐵路、高速公路、公路和橋梁,以開發貴州省的經濟潛力。除了煙草種植和白酒生產等傳統產業外,貴州省還利用其天然磷礦資源生產電動汽車電池。雖然貴州仍是中國相對欠發達的省份之一,但其經濟增長率已躋身全國前三名。

            促進婦女權利

            在北京,我和同行者有機會和中華全國婦女聯合會聯絡部的三位代表交流。中華全國婦女聯合會是一個全國性機構,縣以上婦聯團體會員有將近9,000個,致力于中國的男女平等。婦聯通過向低收入地區的女童和青年婦女提供獎學金,培訓婦女創辦自己的企業來消除貧困,從而促進女性領導力的發展。婦聯還與相關部委合作,為農村地區65歲以上的婦女提供免費體檢。2003年啟動的“母親健康快車”項目,為偏遠地區的婦女兒童提供醫療服務,受益人次超過8,000萬人。

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            ▲考察團一行在新疆


            中國通往歐洲的大門

            我此行的最后一站是位于中國西北部的新疆維吾爾自治區。新疆與八個鄰國接壤,邊境線長達5,700多公里,歷來是中國通往中亞和歐洲的門戶。新疆是古代絲綢之路的重要交通樞紐,也是當今“一帶一路 ”倡議(BRI)的關鍵所在。

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            ▲考察團一行在新疆烏魯木齊

            “一帶一路 ”倡議是中國自2013年以來與非洲、亞洲、拉丁美洲和歐洲的150多個國家合作建設的洲際基礎設施網絡,包括公路、鐵路、港口和機場。與國際貨幣基金組織和世界銀行的貸款不同,“一帶一路 ”倡議的基礎設施項目并不與削減教育、醫療保健和社會服務方面的公共開支掛鉤,而是促進相關國家的經濟發展和自主。

            文化多樣性和宗教自由

            新疆占中國國土面積的六分之一。新疆是許多少數民族的聚居地,具有文化多樣性。新疆2,500多萬居民中有45%是維吾爾族,其他少數民族包括哈薩克族和回族等。

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            ▲考察團一行在新疆喀什參觀艾提尕爾清真寺

            新疆的宗教自由受法律保護。在這次旅行中,我有幸參觀了喀什的艾提尕爾清真寺,這是新疆最大的清真寺,也是一個美麗的禮拜場所。該清真寺建于15世紀,被列入中國國家級重點文物保護單位名錄。帶我們參觀清真寺的阿訇介紹說,清真寺由國家出資修繕,配備了自來水、電和暖氣。

            2017年,新疆政府投資2億多元為新疆伊斯蘭教經學院修建了新校區。2022年,聯合國前人權事務高級專員米歇爾?巴切萊特訪問了新疆地區和校園。

            落實可持續發展目標

            中國在落實2030年議程的17項可持續發展目標(SDGs)方面走在世界前列。2020年,新疆300多萬貧困人口全部脫貧。自治區政府將 70%以上的財政收入用于保障和改善人民生活水平。在南疆和西藏,學生從幼兒園、小學到高中都享受免費教育。而在中國財力較雄厚的發達地區,只有九年級以下的學生才享受免費教育。

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            ▲考察團一行在新疆與各民族孩子一起交流

            講述中國的真實情況

            中國有句俗話,百聞不如一見。到中國旅行讓我有機會親眼目睹這個國家,并與歐洲和美國的人們分享我的親身經歷。感謝女性媒體組織(Women's Press Collective)建立了一個獨立的新聞媒體,讓我能夠講述我所看到的中國的真相。


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            ▲刊載貝納利博士文章的期刊封面和刊內文章

               

            附英文原文:

            The China I Saw!

             By Natalie Benelli, PhD

            In October I traveled to China, visiting first the capital city Beijing, followed by the cities of Shanghai, Guiyang as well as Urumqi and Kashgar in the Xinjiang Uygur Au-tonomous Region. I saw a modern, pro-gressive and rapidly advancing country that invests heavily in poverty alleviation, the protection of the environment and the economic and social development of its least advanced regions, including those inhabited by China’s 56 national minorities. This is markedly different from what is presented in mainstream western media.

            Green mega cities

            Most of China’s 1.4 billion residents live in the most developed, eastern parts of the country, in cities like Beijing and Shanghai that are home to 20 - 30 mil-lion people. Unlike cities I’ve visited in other parts of the world, both Beijing and Shanghai are not chaotic or noisy. This is due to the significant percentage of electric vehicles and bikes on the street. Also, streets in Beijing and Shanghai are lined with flowerbeds, bushes and trees in various sizes and forms, turning the cities into green spaces and massively improving air quality.

            In the last decade, 4.4 billion people voluntarily participated in tree planting nationwide, planting a total of 21,586 billion trees. China’s government is also investing massively in non-fossil renew-able energy sources in the form of wind, hydropower and solar energy.

            High-tech infrastructure benefits the people

            Through the expansion of its high speed train network, China has made mobility for people and goods very effi-cient. At a maximum speed of 342 km/ hour (212 miles/hour), it took us only 4.5 hours to cover the 1460 km (about 907 miles) from Beijing to Shanghai by high speed train. China’s infrastructure development program also benefits the country’s less advanced regions such as Guizhou Province that is home to the world’s highest bridges and largest radio-telescope.

            With 92.5% of the province’s surface covered in hills and mountains, the Chi-nese government has massively invested in the construction of railways, highways, roads and bridges as a way to develop the province’s economic potential in accor-dance with its natural conditions. Besides traditional industries such as tobacco cul-tivation and liquor production, Guizhou province is using its natural phosphate resources for the production of batteries for electric cars. Although still among China’s most underdeveloped provinc-es, Guizhou’s economic growth rate is among the country’s top three.

            Promoting women’s rights

            In Beijing, my fellow travelers and I had the chance to meet with three rep-resentatives of the international liaisons department of the All-China Women’s Federation, a national body and the world’s largest mass organization that unites 8000 women’s organizations in the fight for equal rights for women and men in China. The Federation promotes female leadership by offering scholar-ships to girls and young women from low-income areas and training women in setting up their own business as a way to end poverty.

            The Federation also collaborates with the Department of Interiors to provide free medical exams for women over 65 in rural areas. Mobile clinics provide medical care to pregnant women in remote areas. In the last 15 years, 52,000 women were attended and 8,654 babies were born in mobile clinics in China’s western regions.

            China’s door to Europe

            The last stop of my trip was the Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region in China’s Northwest. Xinjiang Region shares a 5,700 km (3540 mile) border with eight neighboring countries and has tra-ditionally been China’s door to Central Asia and Europe. It was an import-ant transportation hub for the ancient Silk Road and is key to the present-day Belt-and-Road-Initiative (BRI), an in-tercontinental infrastructure network of roads, railways, ports and airports China has been building since 2013 in cooper-ation with 150 countries in Africa, Asia, Latin America and Europe. Unlike loans from the International Monetary Fund and the World Bank, BRI infrastructure projects are not linked to cuts in public spending on education, health care and social services, but instead promote the economic development and self-determi-nation of the countries involved.

            Cultural diversity and religious freedom

            The Xinjiang Region covers one-sixth of China’s territory. It is home to many national minorities and is culturally di-verse. Forty-five percent of Xinjiang’s 25 million inhabitants are Uygurs; oth-er national minorities are Kazakhs and Mongols. Religious freedom is protect-ed by law in Xinjiang. During the trip, I had the honor to visit the Idkah mosque in Kashgar, the largest mosque in Xin-jiang and a beautiful place of worship. Built in the 15th century, the mosque is on the list of China’s Major Historical and Cultural Sites Protected at the Na-tional Level.

            The imam who gave us a tour of the mosque explained that the mosque was renovated with state funds and equipped with running water, electricity and heat-ing. In 2017, the Xinjiang government invested 200 million yuan (27 million USD) in the construction of a new cam-pus for the Xinjiang Islamic Institute. In 2022, former UN High Commissioner for Human Rights, Michelle Bachelet, visited Xinjiang Region and the campus.

            Implementing the SDGs

            China is a world leader in implement-ing the 17 Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) of the 2030 Agenda. In Xinjiang three million people were lifted out of poverty by 2020 and the regional government invests over 70% of its rev-enue to improve people’s living standard. In southern Xinjiang, one of China’s least developed areas, as well as in Tibet, edu-cation is free for students from elementa-ry school through high school. This is not the case in China’s more developed ar-eas with more financial resources, where school is free only through ninth grade.

            Telling the truth about China’s reality

            According to a Chinese saying, seeing once is better than hearing a hundred times. Traveling to China has given me the opportunity to see the country with my own eyes and share my first-hand ex-perience with people in Europe and the U.S. Thank you, WPC, for building an independent press that allows me to tell the truth about the China I saw.

            原文發表在Collective Endeavor雜志2024年冬季號,由理論中國網通訊員翻譯,翻譯時對個別數據和文字不準確的地方作了校訂。

            文字翻譯:鮑傳健

            照片提供:考察團成員


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